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Systemic Reviews

The Police Services Act gives the OIPRD the power to conduct systemic reviews. A systemic review goes beyond the immediate issues raised by a given complaint and looks at the underlying causes to determine whether an organization’s practices comply with its underlying legal and policy framework and, more importantly, whether that framework can be improved to prevent such issues from arising in the future.

A systemic review is generally not about individual officers. Its purpose is not to assign individual fault, but to determine whether systemic failings have occurred, to make recommendations to address those failings and to help restore and enhance public confidence in police and policing.

Ongoing Systemic Reviews

Thunder Bay Police Service Practices for Policing Indigenous Peoples

The OIPRD is conducting a systemic review of the Thunder Bay Police Service’s practices for policing Indigenous Peoples, and specifically, their policies, practices and attitudes regarding missing person and death investigations involving Indigenous Peoples.

OIPRD Extends Deadline for Submissions to Review of Thunder Bay Police Practices for Policing Indigenous Peoples 

Police Practices for Strip Searches

The OIPRD is conducting a systemic review of Ontario police services’ policies and practices for conducting strip searches of people arrested or otherwise detained.

Police Interactions with People in Crisis and Use of Force

The OIPRD is conducting a systemic review of Ontario police services’ use of force, lethal use of force, de-escalation techniques and approaches in dealing with people in crisis.

On March 31, 2017, the OIPRD released an interim systemic review report on police interactions with people in crisis and use of force. As a result of the interim report, the OIPRD is auditing the police services involved in the deaths that generated the coroner’s inquests examined in the report and evaluating the extent to which recommendations have been adopted and implemented by these police services. The audit will also analyze what is working well and what requires improvement. The OIPRD’s systemic review will work in conjunction with an advisory panel of experts from the justice, mental health and academic fields to identify best practices and any additional recommendations to be made. Ultimately, the OIPRD will issue a final report intended to help ensure better outcomes in police interactions with people in crisis.

“The interim report documen​ts the​ recommendations that have been made by Ontario coroner’s inquests into the deaths of people in crisis during interactions with police, and by Justice Iacobucci in his report Police Encounters with People in Crisis. The work that has already been done to study and understand police interactions with people in crisis, combined with this interim report, provides me with a critical tool and a foundation for the work my review will do in the weeks and months ahead.” – Gerry McNeilly, Independent Police Review Director​

Read the Interim Report

OIPRD Revises Terms of Reference for Use of Force Review​​

Completed Systemic Reviews

OIPRD Report on OPP Practices for DNA Canvasses

On July 12, 2016, the Independent Police Review Director released the systemic review report Casting The Net: A Review of Ontario Provincial Police Practices for DNA Canvasses. The Director called on the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) and other police services in Ontario to adopt a policy to govern how DNA canvasses are conducted. The report provided a model policy for guidance.

The Director was satisfied that the OPP investigation was not motivated by racial prejudice, but the nature and scope of the DNA canvass was overly broad and certainly had an impact on the migrant workers’ sense of vulnerability, lack of security and fairness.

The Director also found that the Elgin County OPP investigation:

  • Failed to recognize the vulnerabilities of the targeted migrant worker community and how those vulnerabilities were relevant to whether the consents obtained were truly informed and voluntary
  • Failed to adequately take measures to ensure that decisions by workers not to provide DNA samples remained confidential, particularly from their employer
  • Failed to take steps to explain the destruction process to individuals asked to provide DNA samples
  • The report provided seven recommendations to promote effective, bias-free policing and enhance police-community relations, particularly with those who are vulnerable.

Executive Summary and Recommendations

Systemic Review Report

OIPRD Terms of Reference for Review of OPP Practices for DNA Sampling

G20 Systemic Review Report

On May 16, 2012, the Independent Police Review Director released the G20 systemic review report, Policing the Right to Protest. The report provided an in-depth analysis of issues surrounding public complaints against police during the G20 summit in Toronto in June 2010.

The 300-page report examined the planning and execution of the security operation at the G20, incidents where large-scale protests and interactions or clashes with police occurred, issues regarding stops and searches and the planning and operation of the Prisoner Processing Centre.

The Director found that while the vast majority of police officers carried out their duties in a professional manner, some police officers ordered or made arrests without reasonable grounds, used excessive force, overstepped their authority when they stopped and searched people without legal justification, and failed to take adequate steps to address problems at the Prisoner Processing Centre.

The report provided 42 recommendations to improve the interaction between the public and the police during future protests and to strengthen confidence and trust in police and policing.

Policing the Right to Protest: G20 Systemic Review Report